Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 6

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 6: The death of the Prophet’s Mother

Imaam Ahmad reported on the authority of Buriadah رضي الله عنه: “We went out with the Messenger of Allaah till we reached the place known as Waddaan. He said: (Remain) in your places till I return. He then went away (for a while). He then returned with a heavy (heart) and said: I visited the grave of the mother of Muhammad and sought permission from my Lord to intercede (for her), but He (تعالى) did not give me permission.[1] And I used to prohibit you from visiting the graves, but now you may visit them.[2]

The Fiqh of passing by the graves of the Kuffaar

(And yes it means no RIP prayers for them)

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Al-Baihaqee reported on the authority of `Aamer Ibn Sa`d, that his father said: A Bedouin came to the Messenger of Allaah and said: “My father used to uphold ties of kinship, and he did such-and-such (mentioning his acts of kindness), so where is he?” The Prophet said: He is in the Fire. The Bedouin found it difficult to bear. Then he said: “Where is your father of Messenger of Allaah?” He said: Whenever you pass by the grave of an idolater, give him the tidings of Hell-fire.

The Bedouin later became Muslim, and he said: “The Messenger of Allaah gave me a difficult task. I never passed the grave of an idolater but I gave him the tidings of Hell-fire.”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee said in Saheeh al-Seerah: reported by al-Baihaqee in “al-Dalaail” (1/191-192), and also reported by al-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (326), as well as by al-Dhiyaa’ al-Maqdasee in “al-Mukhtaarah” (1005) and its chain is “Saheeh” See al-Saheehah (18)]

Friday, August 25, 2017

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 5

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 5: Mentioning of the Babyhood and Wet-Nurses of the Messenger of Allaah

Thuwaibah (the freed slave of Abu Lahab): the first woman who suckled the Prophet after his mother.[1]

Narrated Umm Habeebah Bint Abu Sufyaan رضي الله عنهما: said: O Allaah’s Messenger ! Marry my sister, (`Azzah) Bint Abu Sufyaan. The Prophet said: Do you like that? I replied: Yes, for even now I am not your only wife and I like that my sister should share the good with me. The Prophet said: But that is not lawful for me (to have two sisters together in marriage). I said: We have heard that you want to marry Durrah Bint Abu Salamah. He said: (You mean) the daughter of Umm Salamah? I said: Yes. He said: Even if she were not my step-daughter, she would be unlawful for me to marry as she is my foster niece. I and Abu Salamah were suckled by Thuwaibah. So you should not present to me your daughters or your sisters (in marriage). Narrated `Urwah: Thuwaibah was the freed slave girl of Abu Lahab whom he had manumitted, and then she suckled the Prophet .[2]

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 4

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 4: Regarding the jolting of the palaces and the cracking of the galleries and the fire burning out and the other Signs

Shaikh al-Albaanee said: There is nothing authentic regarding this.[1]

📑 Notes:

[1] [TN: It was but controversially reported that significant precursors accompanied the Prophet’s birth: fourteen galleries of Kisra’s palace cracked and rolled down; the Magians’ sacred fire, which was burning for a thousand years, extinguished; and some churches on Lake Sawa sank down and collapsed. Regarding all these, there is nothing reported from authentic sources.

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 3

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 3: Some of the Signs which took place at the Birth of the Messenger of Allaah

Muhammad Ibn Is-haaq reported (in al-Seerah) on the authority of Hassaan Ibn Thaabit رضي الله عنه that he said: By Allaah! I was a lad of seven or eight years, I had not reached maturity but I understood all that I had heard, and I heard a Jew shouting at the top of his voice in Attmah (a place) in Yathrib (another name for al-Madeenah), saying: “O group of Jews!”, till they gathered around him and said: “Woe to you! What is the matter?” He said: “Tonight the star of Ahmad has risen, indicating his birth.”[1]

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 2

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 2: The Birth of the Messenger of Allaah

The Messenger of Allaah was born on Monday, as was reported by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh.

Abu Qataadah رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allaah was asked about fasting on Mondays. He said: That is the day on which I was born and on which I was commissioned with Prophethood or the day on which I received Revelation.[1] [2]

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Chapter 1

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter 1: Mentioning the noble ancestry of the Prophet

Allaah تعالى said:

﴿اللَّـهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِسَالَتَهُ

{Allaah knows best with whom to place His Message} [Surah al-An`aam (6): 124]

And when Heraclius, the king of the Roman, asked Abu Sufyaan about the attributes of the Prophet , he said: “What is his family status amongst you?” He (Abu Sufyaan) replied: “He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.” He said: “In fact, all the Messengers come from noble families amongst their respective peoples.”

He is the leader of the children of Aadam and their pride, in this world and the Hereafter.

Saheeh al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah: Introduction

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

السِّــيرَةِ النَّـــبَـــوِيَّة

Saheeh al-Seeratin-Nabawiyyah

What is authentic from the Biography of the Messenger of Allaah , mentioning the chronological account of events, and his military expeditions, and his delegations.

By Shaikh Naaser-ud-Deen al-Albaanee رحمه الله

To proceed, the topics on Seerah (biographies) and Qasas (stories) of the Prophets and the righteous is something which is beloved to the self, and closer to the heart, because of what it contains from the admonitions, instructions, and lessons which the righteous and the people of understanding benefit from, and which gives strength and raises the morale, and is a provision which helps them on the path of Allaah تبارك وتعالى, as Allaah تعالى said:

﴿لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

{There was certainly in their stories a lesson for those of understanding.} [Surah Yusuf (12): 111]

And the most beloved of the Seerah to the heart and the greatest of them is the Seerah of the Messenger of Allaah , for he is the most honored of the creations of Allaah and most beloved to Him, and he is the leader of all the children of Aadam. صلوات الله وسلامه عليه.

This is the reason that attracted the attention of many scholars to write on the Seerah of the Prophet . But their books were filled and mixed with authentic and unauthentic narrations, and no one gained sufficient means to carefully separate them. That is till Allaah تبارك وتعالى destined the noble Shaikh and the Imaam of Hadeeth of our age, Shaikh Muhammad Naaser-uddeen al-Albaanee رحمه الله, who undertook the task of separating the authentic Seerah from the inauthentic.

What led the Shaikh to undertake this task was that he had traveled from Beirut (Lebanon) to Sharjah (UAE) where he came across a book on Seerah, entitled: “خاتم النبيين” by Muhammad Abu Zahrah and he saw the calamities it was filled with. So he engaged himself in the service of (compiling the authentic) Seerah of the Prophet , and Allaah تعالى expanded his breast to work on the book “السيرة النبوية” of al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer رحمه الله and to separate the authentic from the unauthentic; and he named his work: “صحيح السيرة النبوية”, “Saheeh Seeratin-Nabawiyyah: What is authentic from the Biography of the Messenger of Allaah , mentioning the chronological account of events, and his military expeditions”, and he made many important corrections on the work of Imaam Ibn Katheer. But it was the Decree of Allaah that Shaikh al-Albaanee رحمه الله passed away before he could complete this work, and he could only reach to the chapter of “al-Israa’ wal-Me`raaj”. May Allaah have mercy on Shaikh al-Albaanee for his efforts and elevate his status and raise him in the company of those on whom Allaah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets, the Siddeeqeen, the martyrs, and the righteous.

What will proceed is the translation from the work of Shaikh al-Albaanee in presenting to the dear readers the authentic Seerah of the Messenger of Allaah .

The Methodology of this book:

This book does not deal with narrating a story-based description of the events which the other books of Seerah (biographies) and Qasas (stories) do, i.e. by making additions to make the story more interesting and for entertainment. Rather, this book is a narration-based description of the events; relying on narrations which are found in the books of Ahaadeeth.

It may not interest those who are used to storybooks, but for a student of knowledge, this is an opportunity to learn and differentiate between the authentic and unauthentic narrations in the books of Seerah.

The methodology which the Shaikh al-Albaanee رحمه الله applied in his book:

1. The Shaikh omitted the different routes and supporting chains which are used for strengthening a narration, and he tried to choose only that narration which would give a complete description of the event if it is authentic.

2. The Shaikh omitted the mentioning the complete chain - except when there was a benefit or need. Otherwise, he only mentioned the name of the Companion from whom it was narrated.

3. The Shaikh omitted narrations which had no chain or which was Mursal (having a broken chain) or Mu`dhal (either having some defect in its chain or in its text).

4. Sometimes the Shaikh summarized the statements of Imaam Ibn Katheer to make it compatible and to restrict it in accordance with the authentic narrations which the Shaikh had chosen to include in his book.

5. Sometimes he would replace the way Ibn Katheer reported a narration, and instead took it directly from the source which Ibn Katheer relied on. Because sometimes Ibn Katheer would mention a narration with its implied meaning or something near to it in meaning, instead of narrating the actual wordings.

6. Sometimes the Shaikh would append narrations at the end of the topic if something was missed by Imaam Ibn Katheer.

Translated by:
Fahad Barmem غفر الله له ولوالديه ولجميع المسلمين

Monday, August 14, 2017

Brief Comments on Riyaadh al-Saaliheen #115

From the Etiquettes of Greeting

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

857 - Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allaah said: A rider should greet a pedestrian; a pedestrian should greet the one who is sitting; and a small group should greet a large group (of people). [Agreed upon]

In another narration of Saheeh al-Bukhaaree it is: The young should greet the elderly. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (6231, 6232, 6233) and Saheeh Muslim (2160)]